Patent System of the Republic of Belarus
According to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus there are the following objects of industrial property rights:
- utility models,
- industrial designs,
- trademarks and service marks,
- geographical indications,
- company names,
- topologies of integrated circuit,
- selection achievements,
- undisclosed information including trade secrets (know-how).
In the Republic of Belarus the excusive right on different objects of industrial property can be granted on the basis of its State Registration in the Belarusian patent authority and is attested by granting a patent (inventions, utility models, industrial designs, plant varieties), certificate (trademarks and service marks, appellations of origin, topologies of integrated circuit).
The functions of the patent authority in the Republic of Belarus have been placed on the Belarusian Patent Office under the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus since 1992. This Belarusian Patent Office in 1997 was converted into the Belarusian Patent Committee, and in 2001 – into the National Center of Intellectual Property.
Disputes arising from the administration of legislation which regulates property and non-property relations that emerged in connection with creation, legal safeguard and use of intellectual property objects, are in the province of the Panel of Judges on business of intellectual property of the Belarusian Supreme Court.
The legislation of the Republic of Belarus in the field of protection and realization of rights to intellectual property objects includes the following documents: